Edit ModuleShow Tags

Where Crime Begins



Would you believe that our wonderful democracy has by far the greatest number of prisoners and the highest rate of incarceration in the world?

The size of our prison population today has become a physical and economic burden as well as a national embarrassment. The United States has over two million people in state and federal jails, seven times the prison population of the European Union and Great Britain combined; and our rate of incarceration is 22 percent higher than Russia’s notorious Gulag Archipelago. State budgets, already at the breaking point, are overburdened with the cost of maintaining this non-productive prison population, while the social cost is incalculable.

Connecticut is no exception. We spend $2 billion annually and 11 percent of our budget on the criminal justice system. Just our prison population of 18,000 costs us $79 million. Recidivism is a major problem. Over half of those released each year will be rearrested within two years, and half of those are returned to prison.

Family ReEntry (FRE), a Bridgeport-based nonprofit organization supported by state and private funds, addresses this problem with its Fresh Start program. Prerelease counseling of prisoners and post-release mentoring helps the ex-offenders reestablish themselves in the community and with their families in a healthy and productive way. A broad array of services, including skills training, behavior counseling plus housing and employment assistance, help the ex-offender face the daunting challenges of adjusting to the world outside and the temptation to backslide.

The organization also focuses on domestic violence, the reason many offenders land in prison in the first place. Through counseling coordinated with police, probation officers and the state’s Court Support System, Family ReEntry attempts to provide a safe alternative to incarceration. Its violence intervention, education and treatment programs have kept over 1,000 perpetrators a year out of prison, saving taxpayers many millions of dollars and diminishing the cycle of violence and abuse. Active throughout Fairfield County, its operations in Norwalk and Stamford have been named model programs by the state for their reduction of recidivism.

Efforts to reduce domestic violence bear directly on solving the most critical challenge of all: How to break the generational cycle of crime. Children who are raised in a chaotic and violent family environment are often psychologically and emotionally impaired and struggle in school with learning disabilities. Behavior problems are common and 78 percent end up in the criminal justice system. Equally devastating can be the incarceration of the family’s breadwinner, who leaves the family impoverished while in prison. The children are left without a father or a mother and faced with the stigma of a convict parent. There are an estimated 4,000 children with an incarcerated parent in Greater Bridgeport alone, and they are seven times more likely to go to prison themselves.

Family ReEntry’s Champions Program is specifically designed to serve children with one or both parents in prison. Meeting weekly with them at their schools and in the community, mentors serving as role models work to develop a child-adult relationship of trust and respect. Tina Banas, manager of FRE’s youth mentoring program, describes just one of many cases:

Josiah (not his real name) is a 14-year-old boy in Bridgeport currently in 8th grade. Both of his parents are in prison, and he is living with his grandmother. Two years ago FRE’s youth mentoring director matched him with a mentor, Bruce from Wilton, who has visited him at school weekly. Bruce became concerned when he discovered that Josiah couldn’t read. On Josiah’s birthday he had presented him with a typed letter praising his progress, only to find he had to read it to him. The school staff knew he had a learning disability and believed he was reading at the 3rd grade level but had attributed this to delayed development. The mentoring program director located a psychologist willing to do an evaluation at a reduced rate and a donor who would foot the bill. The diagnosis was severe dyslexia.

The mentor uncovered the problem, sought a solution and continues to maintain a close bond with Josiah, encouraging his interest in science and nature, and helping him gain self-confidence. Bruce knew that without a high school education, the boy’s future was dim.

The importance of education in breaking the generational cycle of crime and poverty was confirmed in a recent column by Nicholas Kristof in the Sunday New York Times entitled “Do we Invest in Preschools or Prisons?” In it he states, “…mountains of evidence suggest that the best way to address American economic inequality, poverty and crime is early education programs…,” then, “A rigorous study by David Deming of Harvard found that Head Start graduates were less likely to repeat grades or be diagnosed with a learning disability, and more likely to graduate from high school and attend college.

“We’ll have to confront the pathologies of poverty at some point”, he concludes. “We can deal with them cheaply at the front end, in infancy. Or we can wait and jail a troubled adolescent at the tail end.”   

Edit ModuleShow Tags Edit Module

 

Edit Module Edit ModuleShow Tags

Greenwich Agenda

  • Parties at the JCC Center

    2014.09.02
     @ Stamford JCC

    A place to celebrate birthdays and special occasions. Be a guest at your own party! The JCC offers a wonderful space for you and your guests to...

  • Flinn Gallery Art Opening

    2014.10.30
     @ Flinn Gallery 2nd floor

    "IN FOCUS" OPENING RECEPTION -  Thursday October 30, 2014 6-8pm. "IN FOCUS"features seven artists' visions in...

  • Antarctica: Photographs by Diane Tuft

    2014.10.28
     @ Bruce Museum

    October 28, 2014 - February 1, 2015 Selections from Gondwana, Images of an Ancient Land Bruce Museum, 1 Museum Drive, Greenwich, CT...

  • Exhibition: Northern Baroque Splendor

    2014.09.20
     @ Bruce Museum

    Northern Baroque Splendor. The HOHENBUCHAU COLLECTION from: LIECHTENSTEIN. The Princely Collections, Vienna September 20, 2014 - April 12, 2015...

  • Exhibition: Native American Pottery from the Bruce Museum Collection

    2014.11.22
     @ Bruce Museum

      Generously underwritten by Gabelli Funds and The Charles M. and Deborah G. Royce Exhibition Fund Over the years, the Bruce Museum has...

  • The Best of 2014: Cecile Chong, David, Ruth Hiller, David Licata, Loanne Mattera, Jill Parisi, Kristen Thiele

    2014.11.08
     @ Kenise Barnes Fine Art

    GALLERY I Dates: November 8 – December 22, 2014     Opening Reception: November 8, 6:30 – 8:00 PM Public Invited THE BEST OF 2014:  Cecile...

  • 6th Annual Greenwich Reindeer Festival & Santa’s Workshop

    2014.11.28

    Santa and his LIVE reindeer - Dancer, Dasher, Prancer and Blitzen, are coming back to town for the 6th Annual Greenwich Reindeer Festival &...

  • IMAGINE CANDY- SWEET TASTINGS!!!

    2014.10.24
     @ Imagine Candy

    Imagine Candy located in Scarsdale Village- Winner of 2014 Best West of Westchester by Westchester Magazine- holds a Belgian Chocolate and Candy...

  • Christmas Tree and Wreath Sale for Charity

    2014.11.29
     @ First Congregational Church of Greenwich

    O, Christmas Tree; O Christmas Tree Buy your tree and help those in need this Christmas! It’s time for the annual Christmas Tree and...

  • "Paper & Stone" an exhibition by Ellen Gordon & Sary Backer at the Loft Artists Gallery

    2014.11.01
     @ Loft Artists Gallery

    Paper and Stone” An exhibition by Sary Backer & Ellen Gordon November 1 - November 30th Artists’ reception: November 8th from 4 – 6 PM...

  • Family Gallery Tours

    2014.10.26
     @ Bruce Museum

    Designed for children ages 6-10 and their families, these tours will provide an interactive, discussion-based tour of the museum’s current...

  • Tuesday Toddler Tours

    2014.11.04
     @ Bruce Museum

    Children ages 3-5 and their adult caregivers are encouraged to come explore the Museum’s collections and exhibitions through picture books...

  • Greenwich Gives

    2014.12.02
     @ Greenwich Avenue

    Looking for a fun way to complete your holiday shopping and give back to your community?    On December 2, 2014, local non-profits...

  • Breast Cancer Alliance Holiday Gift Boutique

    2014.12.02
     @ Greenwich Country Club

    More than 40 skilled artisans, designers, and purveyors of finely crafted goods and provisions will showcase their wares at the Breast Cancer...

  • Holiday WOW At Your Front Door!

    2014.12.02
     @ Garden Education Center of Greenwich

    Beautify your entrance way with luscious holiday evergreens, berries, pinecones and more, sure to last throughout the dreary winter...

  • Exercise as Treatment for Chronic Pain

    2014.12.02
     @ Noble Conference Room Greenwich Hospital

    Presented by Greenwich Hospital and Orthopaedic & Neurosurgery Specialists Exercise as Treatment for Chronic Pain Tuesday, 12/2/14 at...

  • Israeli Film Series | Bethlehem

    2014.12.02
     @ Stamford JCC

    Join us throughout the year for award-winning films direct from Israel that will show you Israel through the lens of a movie camera. Following each...

  • Holiday Della Robbia Wreath

    2014.12.03
     @ Garden Education Center of Greenwich

    Create a lavishly decorated live wreath for your home this holiday season with Maureen FitzPatrick. Using a variety of real...

  • Picture This with Authors Lisa Barr & Gabrielle Selz

    2014.12.03
     @ The Drawing Room

    Authors Lisa Barr & Gabrielle Selz Bring Their Stories of Passion, Chaos & Intrigue from the World of Modern Art to Greenwich...

  • Holiday Tea

    2014.12.04
     @ Garden Education Center of Greenwich

    Back by popular demand!  An elegant multigenerational holiday tea party featuring a delightful afternoon tea, delicacies and a gift...


Show More...
Edit ModuleShow Tags

Most Popular Articles

  1. Greenwich Hospital Venezia Gala
    Greenwich Country Club
  2. Watch Your Back, Lulu
    YOGASMOGA’s got a new active wear line that’s coming in hot
  3. BCA Annual Luncheon + Fashion Show
    Hyatt Regency Greenwich
  4. Greenwich Happy Hours
    6 places to go in Greenwich for Happy Hour
  5. Greenwich Restaurant Week Opening Night Kick-off Party
    Miller Motorcars